The Kingdom of Cambodia - Khmer-language Kampuchea - is a country in Southeast Asia, with the capital Phnom Penh. Overlooking the Gulf of Siam and it is bordered by Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. The predominant ethnic group is Khmer etcnica, whose language is the official one. Cambodia is back to being a parliamentary monarchy in 1993, after a long period of instability began in 1970 with the hit of the Republican State and pro-American Lon Nol, followed by the Khmer Rouge dictatorship and the Vietnamese government.
The demographics of Cambodia was heavily influenced by the Khmer Rouge regime, during whose dictatorship the population has suffered a dramatic decrease. At the end of 3 years 8 months 20 days of the Khmer Rouge domination the population has started to grow again, and since then has steadily increased. According to the latest census, the current population is about 14 million inhabitants. More than 90% of ethnicity and language is Khmer, the official language of the country; other minor ethnic groups are Chinese, Vietnamese, and Tamphuon Loeu Khmer. E 'estimated that more than 50% of the population is younger than 25 years.
Religion, suppressed during the communist regime of the Khmer Rouge, was reintroduced in the eighties. Currently, 95% of the population practices Theravada Buddhism, 3% are Muslim and 2% Christian.
L 'education is free from six to twelve years of age. The literacy rate of the adult population is greater than 70%. The government plans to restructure and expand the educational system, compromised by war and ideological reasons at the end of the seventies, they are in progress.
The war had a negative impact on the transport system and infrastructure in general, but with international assistance the country has restored the major arteries and in recent years has initiated major improvement of the road network projects. The old railway lines linking Sihanoukville to the capital Phnom Penh and Phnom Penh to Sisophon, have been suspended long ago. The future railway line will be developed in the coming years and will be part of faraoinico Chinese project that will connect together the various nation of Southeast Asia. Of paramount historical importance, especially for trade, are the ways d 'water, formed by the Mekong and the Tonle Sap basin, as well as by sea routes. The two major ports of Cambodia is Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville.
Economic growth has prompted the increase in motorcycles on bicycles, which nevertheless still represents a significant percentage of vehicles. The tuktuk, 2-4 carriage driven by a motor, are the means used mainly by tourists. In recent years some private companies have begun to experience the difussioni of electric scooters for hire and from 2015 will be introduced on an experimental basis, mini buses elettrci for visits to the Angkor temples. While in Phnom Penh in 2013 was reintroduced a public bus line, for now only limited to the Monivong Street, the busiest in the capital, the connections between the various cities are still managed by private companies. However, for visits to remote areas it is still essential to rely on private services.
Traditional sports are the races on boats, the cockfight, a kind of footbag, the Khmer wrestling, racing with buffalo, the Pradal Serey and Bokator (ancient martial arts). Other sports were imported from the West such as football, rugby, volleyball. The civil war and the subsequent poverty for decades have prevented the emergence of federations or professional clubs. Consequently, it is rare participation of Cambodia in competitions abroad at both the national level and at club level. One of the most anticipated events nationwide is the Bonn Om Teuk, the 'annual festival of rowing races.