Economy



The economy in Cambodia has begun to overcome the difficult situation inherited civil war and internal instability in decades. Since 1993 the government has developed a policy of openness to foreign investment by accelerating economic growth and tripling the gross domestic product. However, the country has not yet reached llivelli other nations of Southeast Asia. The main activities are linked all'agricolutura, tourism, mining industries. The per capita income is still very low compared to the average and is often the subject of protests. Unemployment is around 35% and around 20% under occupation.


Business


The major export products are fish, firewood, apparel, footwear and rubber. The major import products are derived from oil, cigarettes, materials for the 'construction, machinery, vehicles and pharmaceutical products. The major trading partners are China, Thailand, USA, Singapore, China, Japan, Indonesia and Malaysia.


Primary sector


Most of the population lives and works in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related sub-sectors. The main agricultural product, as well as export, is rice, the cultivation of which occupies the '80% of the arable land. It represents an important income in cambodian agricultural sector. However, the monoculture of this cereal (technical inherited from the regime of the Khmer Rouge), exposes farmers to a high economic risk in the event of a downturn of this product.


secondary and tertiary sectors


The main industries are textiles, vestiarie, footwear, rice processing, wood processing, rubber production and mining. L 'industrialization, however, is a process that still requires many years. Tourism is, after the textile industry, the most important resource for the 'Cambodian economy: more than 4 million tourists visited Cambodia in 2013. The main tourist attractions are the temples of Angkor Wat, Phnom Penh, and the seaside resorts, thanks the growing supply of resort. Recently the 'European Union launched the Asia Urbs project - Provincial Towns in Cambodia - in order to exploit the less touristy areas.